An official website of the United States government
Here's how you know
A .mil website belongs to an official U.S. Department of Defense organization in the United States.
A lock (lock ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .mil website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.


Range Environmental Vulnerability Assessment
Range Environmental Vulnerability Assessment page


Phone: 858-307-6311
Fax: 858-307-4200


The purpose of the Range Environmental Vulnerability Assessment (REVA) program is to identify whether there is a release or substantial threat of a release of munitions constituents (MC) from the operational range or range complex areas to off-range areas. This is accomplished through a baseline assessment of operational range areas and, where applicable, the use of fate and transport modeling of the REVA indicator MC based upon site-specific environmental conditions at the operational ranges and training areas. Indicator MC selected for the REVA program include trinitrotoluene (TNT), cyclotetramethylene tetranitramine (HMX), cyclotrimethylene trinitramine (RDX), perchlorate, and lead.

This report presents the assessment results for the operational ranges at Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) Miramar, San Diego, California. This report is the first comprehensive report on MC associated with the operational ranges at MCAS Miramar and serves as the baseline of environmental conditions and potential vulnerabilities of the operational ranges. Subsequent vulnerability assessments will be conducted on operational ranges at MCAS Miramar on a five-year cycle or when significant changes are made to existing ranges that potentially affect the determinations made during this baseline assessment, as described in the REVA Reference Manual. Final Range Environmental Vulnerability Assessment for Marine Corps Air Station Miramar

MCAS Miramar is the Marine Corps’ primary West Coast air station, comprising approximately 23,065 acres of land. The installation is located 13 miles north of downtown San Diego.  The mission of MCAS Miramar is to maintain and operate facilities and provide services and material to support the Third Marine Aircraft Wing (3rd MAW) and other tenant organizations.  The mission of the 3rd MAW, the station’s primary tenant, is to provide combat-ready, expeditionary aviation forces capable of short-notice, worldwide deployment to Marine Air Ground Task Force, fleet, and unified commanders (MCAS Miramar, 2011a). All operational ranges at MCAS
Miramar are located in East Miramar and consist of five training areas used for maneuver and land navigation training, nine small arms ranges (SARs) for weapon proficiency training, and one explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) training range used for training and emergency destruction of ordnance. There are no high explosive (HE) fixed training ranges or impact areas currently located at MCAS Miramar.

The undeveloped terrain in East Miramar, part of the Peninsular Range physiographic province, is characterized by steep, rugged hills separated by deep alluvial valleys that typically are dry throughout the majority of the year. There are no perennial water features within MCAS Miramar, although numerous ephemeral drainages may be found throughout the installation and, in particular, in East Miramar. The installation receives an average of approximately 10 inches of precipitation per year. During a significant rainfall event, water flows into the main drainage channels of a number of sub-watersheds present within MCAS Miramar. Water eventually flows off the installation to the south and southwest.  Ephemeral ponding may occur in hummocky areas underlain by a shallow hardpan that restricts infiltration. This may lead to the creation of vernal pools, which are ecological habitat areas that can support rare, threatened, and endangered flora and fauna.

Erosion and subsequent transport of MC via surface water runoff through the West Sycamore Canyon sub-watershed is the primary transport mechanism at MCAS Miramar, despite the limited precipitation at the installation. Leaching to groundwater and subsequent groundwater flow beneath the range footprint is likely limited by relatively high evaporation rates, the presence of a shallow hardpan layer, and the deep depth to groundwater. Based on initial analysis, MC may be transported via surface water beyond the installation boundary and potentially can recharge the San Diego River Valley groundwater basin located south of the East Miramar installation
boundary. This groundwater basin is a potential public water supply source; therefore, additional analysis was conducted. Results are detailed in the report.

Marine Corps Air Station Miramar-EMS